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Exploring Sharkia

Al-Sharkia is considered one of the most important governorates of Egypt historically. Its historical location has earned it a place Unique throughout the ancient and modern history, as its important location made it the guardian of the eastern entrance to Egypt, which the only door that invaders passed through history since Hyksos age.

1- Location: Al-Sharkia Governorate is one of the governorates of the third planning region, which includes the governorates of Ismailia - Suez - Port Said - South Sinai - North Sinai. Al-Sharkia Governorate is the third governorate in population at the level of Republic after Cairo and Giza Governorates, where its estimated population is approximately (8) million with expatriates and the percentage of the population (23% urban - 77% rural).


The area of Al-Sharkia Governorate is 4911 km2, equivalent to 1.072.470 million acres, and it is the second governorate at the level of Republic in terms of agricultural area after the AlBehera Governorate.

Total cultivated land (880,670) acres   .

3- Governorate Slogan:

The governorate has taken the wild white horse that mediate a green rug as a symbol of its excellence in breeding purebred Arabian horses and agriculture occupying most of its areas.

4- Administrative division:

Al-Sharkia Governorate includes the following: 13 centers + 4 cities and 2 districts (first, second), Zagazig, 107 rural local units, 509 villages, 3890 Kafr and manor, and two industrial cities (Tenth of Ramadan - New Salhia).

5- National Day:

Al Sharkia celebrates its national day on the ninth of September each year in commemoration of the objection status of Al-Sharkawi leader Ahmed Orabi from Huriya Raznah village, Zagazig Center against Khedive Tawfiq in Abdeen Square in Cairo, opposing the demands of the nation in 1881 AD.

6- Tourism and Antiquities:

Al-Sharkia governorate has multiple tourism potentials, which are suitable as products and tourist destinations include 115 archaeological locations, the most famous of which are the areas of Tal Basta - San Alhagar, the governorate has been concerned in developing archeological locations.

Al-Sharkia in History

·         Due to the location, Al-Sharkia always face every invasion from the east. Al-Sharkia got the attention of the Pharaohs and its capitals flourished during the era of 21st and 22nd dynasties in Tanis (San Hajar) and Tal Basta.

·         Al-Sharkia got the attention of the Pharaohs and its capitals flourished during the era of 21st and 22nd dynasties in Tanis (San Hajar) and Tal Basta. If the governorate centers are surveyed, we find in many of them pharaonic archaeological remains throughout the history of pre-and post-history families and in the East Delta region, specially in many traces from the era of Ramses II who built the city of “Baramis” and its location now is Al-Samana, Qantir and Tal Al-Dabaa, the capital of Egypt during the era of Ramesses was considered between Tanis and Baramis in the north and Bobabist in the South which are two cities in Al-Sharkia governorate.

·         When the influence of the Tiba priests became weak, "Shashanak the First" was able to transfer the capital of domonance from "Ramses" to "Popast", the currently region of Tel Basta, the founders of the family 22, 23.

·         Bobast remained the capital of ancient Egypt during the rule of these two families and the cat was the local deity of the ancient city of Bobast, which represented the head of a cat and the body of lady Wati which her name means "warm of the sun".

Al-Sharkia & Prophets:

· History records that Al-Sharkia is the land of religion where the Prophet Joseph stayed and the land where the Prophet Moses was born and God revealed to his mother to put him in the coffin and put in the sea.

· Then the Holy Family stayed in Al-Sharkia in Tel Basta and Belbis when the Virgin Mary with her newborn Christ " peace be upon them " escaped the oppression of " Herodes " where they went from Farma North Sinai to Eastern Valley passing near Husseiniya then to Saft Alhenna then to Tel Basta.

· The prophet Joseph peace be upon reached to Egypt after his brothers threw him in the desert during the reign of the Hyksos, and stayed in the place which was called Soan "San Alhagar" today and reached a great position.

· Then our master Jacob, peace be upon him, the father of our master Joseph came to the region of "Arabia" which is Saft Alhenna or Faqous.

· With the Islamic conquests, Al-Sharkia region was the crossing road that the soldiers of Islam, led by Amr bin Al-Aas, took when they conquested Egypt, as he reached Al-Salhiyeh,then to Al-Sumailat valley until Bilbeis city and stayed in Belbies until he conquested all Egypt declaring the end of Roman's rule.

· Al-Sharkia also has the honor of the passage of Mrs. Zainab family, accompanied by her two nieces, Mrs. Fatima al-Nabawiya and Mrs. Sakina, may God pleased them all, when they left Medina to Egypt, where they stayed in Al Abbasah town, one of Al-Sharkia governorate villages then they went to Fustat.

· Al-Sharkia was the crossing that the soldiers of Islam had pursued under leadership of Amr bin Al-Aas at the conquest of Egypt and in Bilbeis city, he built the first mosque in Egypt and African continent, which is the Sadat Quraysh Mosque which is the older in terms of history than Amr bin Al-Aas Mosque in Fustat, the history states that the army of Amr bin Al-Aas came from Al-Arish to Qantara after occupied Al-Arish and then to Qassasin until he arrived Belbis, where he met with Roman army and defeated the Romans in great battles in which 120 muslims participated in this battle and the mosque was named (Alsadat) to commemorate the Sadat of Muslims army who attended the conquest of Egypt.

· The palace of King Farouk is located on Al-Sharkia land Palace in Basateen Inshas village, Belbeis Center, this palace was chosen to sign the League of Arab States Charter on May 28, 1946 as the charter was signed from seven Arab countries (Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Yemen).

Al-Sharkia Weather

The Climate:

Weather Depressions:

The northern parts of the governorate are affected by the atmospheric depression in the Mediterranean, which leads to rain in winter.


The amount of rain increases at north and west and decreases as we head south and west, so that in winter it reaches the peak.


In general, the average temperature in summer is about 27 degrees, in winter it is 18 degrees Celsius. In general, we find temperatures increase in south and east of the governorate and became lower in north and west at a rate between two and four degrees.


As for the annual average of relative humidity, it is about 74%, but it increases in winter to 80%, decreases in summer to 72% and in spring to 62%.


The rate of northeastern and northwestern winds is estimated at about 66% of the total wind blowing over the governorate, which is a winds that have a moderating effect of temperature. As for the southwestern winds, they reached 10% of the total winds blowing on Al-Sharkia governorate and blowing in summer and spring months, , which is loaded with dust and raises the temperature and has a negative impact on humans, animals and plants, which is known as Al-khamaseen.


One of the known climatic phenomena in Al-Sharkia governorate, which increases in winter months, especially in the early hours of the day and it has a bad impact on roads and traffic as sometimes lead to accidents.

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