· Orabi began his national call to reform the situation of the country and the people, so he complained about the mistreatment that Egyptian officers received and deprived them of high ranks in the army.
· Orabi, along with two of his fellow officers, presented his petition to the headmaster in January 1881, in which he requested the formation of deputies and to remove injustice on the Egyptian officers. The government arrested them and deposited them in prison.
· Once the army knew about their leader Orabi and his colleagues were arrested, the soldiers left their barracks and went to the prison in which there were and they released him, so the Khedive feared the consequences of the matter and had to answer their requests.
· At that time, sincere national newspapers arose that supported Orabi and called for the defense of citizens ’rights and demand for a constitution for the country.
· On February 5, 1882, Orabi was appointed Minister of Defense in Ministry of Mahmoud Sami El-Baroudy Pasha, and Orabi became a leader.
· On June 10, 1882, the British hit Alexandria with artillery from the fleet, the soldiers and the citizens then left the city to Kafr Al-Dawwar, where they hided and the Khedive feared and he travelled to Alexandria and demanded from the British to protect him.
· The Arabians hidden at Tal-Alkabir to repel the British at the Suez Canal road, but unfortunately, betrayal played its role in the Egyptian army and Orabi was defeated.
· The British entered Cairo, occupied the country, captured Orabi and his soldiers and judged them to Execution at a military court. On December 3, 1882, the Khedive replaced the judgement by exile.
· A decision was issued to exile him and his colleagues to Ceylon Island (Sri Lanka) today and left Egypt on December 28, 1882 and he remained in the exile for twenty years until a decision was issued of forgiveness him and his colleagues on the first of October 1901.
· Orabi returned to Egypt and stayed there for ten years and died on December 21, 1911.