Web Map  


Go Search
English > Exploring Sharkia > National Day
National Day:

Al Sharkia celebrates its national day on the ninth of September each year in commemoration of the objection status of Al-Sharkawi leader Ahmed Orabi from Huriya Raznah village, Zagazig Center against Khedive Tawfiq in Abdeen Square in Cairo, opposing the demands of the nation in 1881 AD.

Abdeen Objection

·         Friday 9 September 1881 was a memorable day. The Arab revolution erupted, the Egyptian people revolt against foreign rule represented in the Khedive. The exploitation was represented in property and taxes which were taken by force from the villagers.

·         On this day, Ahmed Orabi stood on his horse, showing his sword and presented the demands of the people in front of Khedive and the British consul (Cox) and this day was called (Orabi) day and behind him were a group of free, loyal Egyptian officers.

·         The Khedive saw the gathering of soldiers, some ministers and some European consuls while everyone saw what t they did not expect from Orabi ( Sir, We came to offer the requests of the army and the whole nation, which is to isolate the Ministry of Riad Pasha - Create the parliament - and increase the army number).

·         The Khedive denied the requests of Orabi and said to him: “I inherited the kingdom of this country from my fathers and grandfathers and you are only our slaves.”

·         Orabi challenged him and said his famous words: (God created us free people and did not create us a heritage or real estate, I swear with God who no god but only Allah that we will not be inherited and will not be enslaved from now).

·         The Khedive complied with the demands of Orabi and the ministry fell, Sharif Pasha was appointed as head of ministry, but he rejected the other two requests, so the revolution exploded and removed the Khedive.

·         Al-Sharkia took the courageous stand of Ahmed Orabi facing Khedive Tawfiq in Abdeen Square on September 9, 1881, a national day for the governorate.

·         We focus on the life of the great leader in terms of his lineage, originality, upbringing, wealth and exile with the most important effects of his immortal revolution, which considered the first revolution in the history of modern Egypt.

Arising of Orabi


Ahmed Orabi bin Muhammad Orabi Wafi bin Muhammad Ghoneim bin Ibrahim Abdullah bin Hassan bin Ali bin Salim bin        Ibrahim bin Suleiman bin Hussain bin Ali bin Hassan bin Ibrahim Mukallad, whose lineage ultimately belongs to Imam Musa Al-Kadhim bin al-Imam Ali Al-Zahir Zain Al-Abidin bin Al-Imam Al-Hussein bin Imam Ali bin Abi Talib, may God bless him.

His Birth:   

 He was born on the seventh of Safar in 1257 AH March 31, 1841 AD.  

Home Town:

·         Huriya Razan village - Al-Sharkia, about 3 km away from Zagazig.

·           His father: He was a great sheikh and head of his clan, a pious scholar and known as chastity and honest.

·         His mother: Mrs. Fatima, daughter of Sayyid Suleiman and meets with his father in the lineage up to Mr. Ibrahim Makled.



·         Ahmed Orabi memorized the Noble Qur’an and learned religious sciences in the book of the village. His father died when he was eight years old and his older brother took care of him.

·         He joined the military service in 1854 and he was appreciated by the Governor of Egypt, Mohamed Said Pasha for his ability and intelligence.

·         When his eldest son, Mohamed Tawfiq, took over in 1879, foreign debt was a problem that confronted him which led to British and French to interfere in the country's internal and external affairs.

His Career:

·          Orabi began his national call to reform the situation of the country and the people, so he complained about the mistreatment that Egyptian officers received and deprived them of high ranks in the army.

·          Orabi, along with two of his fellow officers, presented his petition to the headmaster in January 1881, in which he requested the formation of deputies and to remove injustice on the Egyptian officers. The government arrested them and deposited them in prison.

·          Once the army knew about their leader Orabi and his colleagues were arrested, the soldiers left their barracks and went to the prison in which there were and they released him, so the Khedive feared the consequences of the matter and had to answer their requests.

·          At that time, sincere national newspapers arose that supported Orabi and called for the defense of citizens ’rights and demand for a constitution for the country.

·          On February 5, 1882, Orabi was appointed Minister of Defense in Ministry of Mahmoud Sami El-Baroudy Pasha, and Orabi became a leader.

·          On June 10, 1882, the British hit Alexandria with artillery from the fleet, the soldiers and the citizens then left the city to Kafr Al-Dawwar, where they hided and the Khedive feared and he travelled to Alexandria and demanded from the British to protect him.

·          The Arabians hidden at Tal-Alkabir to repel the British at the Suez Canal road, but unfortunately, betrayal played its role in the Egyptian army and Orabi was defeated.

·          The British entered Cairo, occupied the country, captured Orabi and his soldiers and judged them to Execution at a military court. On December 3, 1882, the Khedive replaced the judgement by exile.

·          A decision was issued to exile him and his colleagues to Ceylon Island (Sri Lanka) today and left Egypt on December 28, 1882 and he remained in the exile for twenty years until a decision was issued of forgiveness him and his colleagues on the first of October 1901.

·          Orabi returned to Egypt and stayed there for ten years and died on December 21, 1911.

Main page | Contact us | About Us | privacy policy
Last updated

Copyrights for Al-Sharkia Portal 2020